August 14, 2020

Types of Braking Systems and Types of Brakes

Most brakes use friction on both sides of the wheel, collective pressure on the wheel converts the kinetic energy of the moving object into heat. For example, regenerative braking converts much of the energy into electricity, which can store for later use. The following are the most common types of brake systems in modern cars. It is always good to know which ones fit your vehicle to facilitate troubleshooting and assistance.

What is the difference between a brake and a broken system?

Think of a braking system as more of a “style” of braking. It is the method behind current mechanics. The actual brakes describe the mechanical equipment used to perform the technique. In this article, we will cover both as it is essential to know the brake and its system.

Types of Brake Systems :

  • Electromagnetic brake system :

Electromagnetic brakes, a growing style of the brake system, use an electric motor included in the car, which helps to stop it. These types of brakes are found in most hybrid vehicles and use an electric motor to charge batteries and regenerative brakes. Sometimes some buses use a secondary slowdown brake that uses an internal short circuit and a generator.

  • Friction brake system:

 A friction brake system found in many cars. They are service brakes and generally found in two forms; Pads and shoes. As the name suggests, these brakes use friction to prevent the vehicle from moving. It usually includes a rotating device with a fixed bearing and a rotating meteorological surface. On most belt brakes, the shoe will contract and rub against the outside of the rotating drum, alternatively, on a drum brake, a rotating drum with pads will expand and rub against the inside of the drum.

  • Hydraulic brake system :

A hydraulic brake system consists of the main cylinder powered by a reservoir of hydraulic brake fluid. It connected by a variety of metal pipes and rubber fittings that related to the wheel cylinders. The wheels contain two opposing pistons located on the band or drum brake that press to separate the disks by forcing the brake pads to the barrels.

  • Pump braking system:

 Pump brakes used when a pump included in a part of the vehicle. These types of brakes use an internal combustion piston engine to cut off the fuel supply, which in turn causes internal pumping losses in the engine, causing braking.

  • Servo Brake system:

Servo Brake pressure systems are found in most cars and intended to increase the pressure exerted by the driver on the brake pedal. These brakes use a vacuum in the intake manifold to generate the additional force needed to create braking. Besides, these braking systems are valid only when the engine is still running. In some vehicles, we may find that more than one of these braking systems included. These can be used in unison to create a more reliable and more durable network. Unfortunately, these combined types of brakes can sometimes fail and cause accidents and injuries.

  • Parking and emergency braking systems:

 Parking and emergency braking systems use levers and cables in which a person must use a mechanical force or a button on newer vehicles to stop the car in an emergency or park on a hill. These braking systems bypass standard braking systems in case the regular braking system does not function properly. These systems start when the brake is applied, which pulls a wire going to the intermediate lever, increasing that force and switching to the equalizer. This equalizer divided into two cables, which divides the power and sends it to both rear wheels to slow down and stop the car. In many vehicles, these brake systems will bypass other brake systems by running directly on the shoes. It is useful in case your typical braking system fails.

Types of Brakes:


The disc brake is a mechanism for slowing down or preventing the rotation of a wheel. A disc brake customarily made of cast iron, but in some cases, it also composed of compounds such as carbon-carbon or ceramic matrix compounds. This connected to the wheel and axle. To stop the wheel, the friction material in the form of brake pads forced against both sides of the disc. Friction caused, the disc wheel will slow down or stop.


It is a traditional brake where friction caused by a series of pads or pads that press against a rotating drum-shaped part called the brake drum. The term “drum brake” generally indicates a brake in which shoes press on the inner surface of the drum. When the drum squeezed between two pads, similar to a standard disc brake, it sometimes called a “pinch drum brake,” although these brakes are relatively rare.

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